Near East and Western Asia


Aiysha has worked on molluscan remains from Shkarat Msaied (PPNB site) in southern Jordan, Baja (PPNB site) in southern Jordan andTell Sabi Abyad (Neolithic/Chalcolithic + Iron Age site) in northern Syria. She is focused upon the study of marine shells and terrestrial snails from southern Jordan for her Masters research.


Hala has a wide range of archaeomalacological interests and experience in the Near Eastern region. She has worked on material from Syria (Pre-Pottery Neolithic Sites A and B), sites in the Euphrates Valley including Jerf el Ahmar, Mureybet, Tell el Abr, Dja’de Al Moughara, Tell Halula and Abu Hureyra, Central Syrian steppe sites including Qdeir, El Kowm and the region of Palmyra and Tell Aswad in the Damascene region. Her major interests include technological and typological aspects of artefact production (especially beads), use-wear analysis, taphonomy, artefact circulation and trade, subsistence and gathering strategies, art and symbolism and ethnographic insights into production techniques, trade and symbolism. A selection of Hala's publications may be found on the publications page.


Daniella has worked extensively in Turkey, Israel and the Near East generally. Her work has investigated many different aspects of archaeomalacology including subsistence, gathering strategies and artefact production, but most particularly, exchange patterns. For a selection of Daniella's work please refer to the publications page.


In addition to Marjolein’s work in Austria, she is also working on archaeomalacological material from Lebanon. Focused on the Middle Palaeolithic site of Ksar Akil, she is investigating shells used as tools, ornaments and as a subsistence resource. More broadly, Marjolein has interests in subsistence, gathering strategies, taphonomic processes, the application of stable isotope analysis, and artefact production within archaeomalacology. A selection of Marjolein’s publications can be found on the publications page.


Garrard has wide-ranging archaeomalacological interests, including subsistence, gathering strategies, trade, taphonomy and artefact production, centred on the Neolithic (PPNB) of Iran and Central Zagros.

INBAR KTALAV (nee Baruch)

Inbar's focus is on coastal sites of North Israel. She has a wide range of archaeomalacological interests including methodology, environmental reconstruction, and molluscan relationships to cults and witchcraft.


In addition to his work in the southeastern United States, Arthur has also worked on molluscan remains from Yemen, spanning from Pleistocene to early historic deposits. His focus has shifted from subsistence to problems of interpreting freshwater habitats based on species of mussels and gastropods present. He is interested in comparison of archaeological and modern faunas from the same areas to assess levels of change, extirpation and extinction in the freshwater molluscan fauna. For a selection of Art's publications, please refer to the publications page.


In addition to her work in Scotland and the Adriatic, Ruby has worked on a range of material from the Near East. She has analysed marine shell artefacts from Tell esh Shuna and Wadi Faynan in Jordan, as well as isolating the presence of freshwater and marine fish species derived from the Mediterranean and Red seas at the same sites. Her work in Syria includes the analysis of freshwater snails from Lake Quattine. Her most recent project in the region is as part of the Pirnabasi (Turkey) Project. As part of this project she will analyse non-marine molluscs, provide species identifications, analyse marine shell artefacts, and provide information on site formation processes and taphonomy. For a selection of Ruby's publications, please refer to the publications page.


As well as her work in Belgium and Mauritius, Sofie has worked extensively on archaeomalacological material from the Near and Middle East. Sites include Kilise Tepe in Turkey (Bronze Age to Byzantine Period), Dederiyeh Cave in Syria (Natufian), Pella in Jordan (Bronze Age), Thalathat II in Iraq (Chalcolithic) and sites of the Marv Dasht region of Iran (Neolithic). For a selection of Sofie's publications, please refer to the publications page.


Francesco is well known in the archaeological community for his work on the evolution of human behaviour. He conducts field research in Europe, the Near East and Africa. His wide range of archaeological interests include archaeomalacology, where he has specific interests in gathering strategies, trade, artefact production, taphonomy, source determination and Upper Palaeolithic shell beads. For a selection of Francesco's publications in archaeomalacology, please refer to the publications page.


As well as her work in the southeastern United States, Arlene has conducted research in various areas of Israel. Her work there has concentrated on Sepphois and Khirbet Cana in the lower Galilee, and Caesarea Maritima and Tel Tanninim on the Mediterranean Coast. Her interests within archaeomalacology include molluscs as part of subsistence strategies and as items of trade, as well as the nature of folk classifications. For a selection of Arlene's publications, please refer to the publications page.


Niklas’s research focusses on the Saudi Arabian, and in particular the Farasan Islands. His interests include investigations into subsistence, taphonomy, stable isotopes and palaeoclimate. For a selection of Niklas’s publications, please refer to the publications page.


Joel has been researching aspects of archaeomalacology for many years, but his recent focus is Southern Jordan. Presently, he is looking at marine shell exploitation at the Natufian site of Wadi Mataha 2 in the Petra Basin. For a reference to this work, please refer to the publications page. Joel also has interests in trade and subsistence generally, along with the social implications of craft development.


Aldona has broad interests across the spectrum of archaeomalacology including methodological approaches, taphonomy, source determination, gathering strategies, subsistence, artefact production and trade. In addition to her research in Israel, Jordan and Syria, she has also conducted work in Poland. For Aldona's publications, please refer to the publications page.


Coming from a malacological training, Henk has worked extensively with archaeologists, and has analysed many archaeomalacological assemblages from Near Eastern sites. Henk has published widely within conchological, archaeological and regional journals and monographs. A selection of his publications can be found on the publications page.


As part of her doctoral research, Victoria is looking at the history of the Late Islamic pearling town of Al-Zubarah in Qatar.  She has also worked in California and Hawaii.


James has particular interests in shell middens, molluscs in subsistence, and taphonomic issues. His focus area is Neolithic to Iron Age sites in the United Arab Emirates. His homepage can be found at


Antonia has broad interests in subsistence, human-ecodynamics, trade, identity and food studies. Her research areas centres on the Black Sea region; especially Turkey (Sinop), eastern Crimea and Bulgaria.


Janet is known to many of us for co-ordinating the Archaeo+Malacology newsletter that has brought many workers in the field together over the last few years. Her newsletter is now posted on this website. As well as her work on Cyprus and in England, Janet has conducted analyses of mollusc material from the Syrian site of Jerablus Tahtani. Her central interests are environmental reconstruction, subsistence, trade, and shell symbolism. For a selection of Janet's publications, please refer to the publications page.


Marta is a PhD candidate whose research is focused on subsistence economies of south-east Arabia. Her archaeomalacological interests include subsistence patterns, use of marine resources, craft production and craft specialization, long distance trade and exchange, and marginal economies. She has worked in United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Jordan and Egypt.


Mary has worked and published extensively on assemblages from both coastal regions of the Near East and the Mediterranean. Within the Near East, her work has focused on coastal western and northern Israel, coastal and Anatolian Turkey, and the Galilee region of Israel. Her zooarchaeological (and general archaeological) interests are diverse, including forager ecology, Palaeolithic subsistence, forager-farming transitions, population ecology, taphonomy, bone chemistry, and Palaeolithic ornament production and use. For a selection of Mary's publications, please refer to the publications page.


Marian conducts research in Africa, Europe and the Near East with a particular focus on the Upper and Middle Palaeolithic. Among her major archaeomalacological interests are gathering strategies, trade, artefact production, taphonomy and source determination. For a selection of her publications, including her well-known work on beads, symbolism, and human cognitive evolution, please refer to the publications page.


Barbara has studied archaeological shell assemblages from both the Mediterranean and Near Eastern regions, focussing on Italy, Greece, Syria and Oman. She is interested in various aspects of archaeomalacology including subsistence, past environments, artefact production and consumption, and gathering strategies. For a selection of Barbara's publications, please refer to the publications page.