Southeast Asia


Kat's work in Southeast Asia to date has been focused on the Philippines, Indonesia, East Malaysia (Borneo) and East Timor. Her doctoral work concentrated on variation and continuity of shell-working in this region (as well as the Western Pacific) drawing on assemblages from the islands of Palawan and Luzon in the Philippines and the Northern Moluccan Islands of Indonesia. Aside from the work on artefact production, Kat has studied shell midden material from the Batanes Islands in the northern Philippines, northern Palawan (the site of Ille Cave), central Palawan and Sarawak on the island of Borneo. This has included deposits of marine, freshwater and terrestrial shell. For some of Kat's publications on this material, refer to the publications page.


James's primary research interests within archaeomalacology include palaeoenvironmental reconstruction, assessing environmental variability and social complexity, and investigating issues of human diet and migration. He is presently conducting research in three major areas; Kodiak Island in Alaska, East Timor, and the Kuril Islands in the Russian Far East. His pilot research in East Timor is investigating the potential for palaeoenvironmental reconstruction using stable isotopes and trace elements in Tridacna spp.. He is also investigating the possibilty of utilising isotopic ratios in human and animal teeth in the reconstruction of human migrations, diet and palaeoenvironment. For a selection of James's publications, please refer to the publications page.