Europe - western


Cristian is a malacologist with an interest in archaeological issues along with biogeography, taxonomy, dispersal routes, and biological conservation as they relate to molluscs.  He works in the western Mediterranean (especially the Balearics and Iberia) as well as the northern Atlantic islands that comprise Macaronesia.  For a selection of Cristian’s publications, please refer to the publications page.


Esteban has studied a range of assemblages from across Western Europe including France, Spain, Portugal and Germany. Much of his work is focused on the Upper Palaeolithic, however he has also looked at Mesolithic and Neolithic material. His archaeomalacological interests are diverse, and include the study of molluscs as a part of subsistence, as a raw material for artefact production, and as an item of trade. For a selection of Esteban's publications, please refer to the publications page.


In a previous incarnation, Geoff was based at the Australian Museum and worked in malacological taxonomy and systematics. He now focuses upon techniques for recording excavations, and managing and interpreting data, particularly in relation to La Tene settlement, burial and trade. He has worked at the Iron Age hillfort of Bibracte/Mont Beuvray in the Morvan region of central France, the Iron Age rural site of Gerzat/Patural, Clermont-Ferrand in France, the Iron Age eperon-barre fort of Le Chesle at Ardennes, southern Belgium, and the C16-17 majolica ceramic workshop at Carfaggiolo, Medicean villa, Mugello Valley, Italy.


Bárbara has worked at a number of sites in Spain, including La Peña de Estebanvela, Cueva de Nerja, Cueva de Ambrosio, Santa Maira, and Parco.  She has a special interest in palaeolithic archaeology and the study of personal ornaments.  For a selection of Bárbara’s publications, please refer to the publications page.  


Victor has worked on archaeological shell from both the Galicia and León regions of the northwest of Spain. Such sites include Castro Grande de O Neixón (hillfort of Iron Age: IV-II B.C.), Castro Montealegre (hillfort of Iron Age: I B.C.- I A.C.), Museo do Mar en Vigo (hillfort of Iron Age: I B.C.-I A.C.), Castro de Punta Atalaia (Romanized hillfort and medieval site: I B.C.- XII A.C.), Viveiro (medieval site), the Roman Army Campsite of Legio VII Gemina (I- IV A.C.), Medieval Jewish Settlement (IX-X A.C.) andPaleochristian Basilica of Marialba de la Ribera (IV-XII A.C.). His archaeomalacological interests are broad, and include gathering strategies, trade, artefact production, taphonomy, seasonality and palaeodiet. For a selection of Victor's publications, please refer to the publications page.


Lluis is presently investigating the archaeomalacology of the Cantabrian and Mediterranean Spanish Mesolithic. He is particularly interested in the impact of climate changes around 8200 cal. BP.


Greg specialises in the study of both molluscan and echinoderm (sea urchin) remains from archaeological sites. He has conducted analysis of a number of archaeomalacological assemblages from British and, more broadly, Atlantic Europe sites. His interest in echinoderm remains has thus far encompassed archaeological material from Atlantic Europe, Pacific coast North America, and Egypt. In relation to archaeomalacology, Greg's interests are centred mainly on the British and French historic periods, especially reconstructing coastal-inland exchange and looking at regional archaeological change - especially with respect to the onset of the Little Ice Age/'Dark Age' migration periods. He is also interested in reconstructing harvesting tactics by investigating intra-specific variation in shell morphology (especially cockle and limpet) between niches. For a selection of Greg's publications, please refer to the publications page.


In addition to Sofie's work in the Near East, Middle East and Mauritius, she has also investigated non-marine material from several sites in Belgium, including samples from alluvial contexts in the Scheldt Valley and from medieval moats. For a selection of Sofie's publications, please refer to the publications page.


Francesco is well known in the archaeological community for his work on the evolution of human cognition. He conducts field research in Europe, the Near East and Africa. His wide range of archaeological interests include archaeomalacology, where he has specific interests in gathering strategies, trade, artefact production, taphonomy, source determination and Upper Palaeolithic shell beads. For a selection of Francesco's publications in archaeomalacology, please refer to the publications page.


Catherine has conducted research into archaeological shell both along the French Atlantic coast and in Djibouti. Within the broad domain of archaeomalacology, she has a wide range of interests including subsistence, gathering strategies, seasonality, taphonomy, and artefacts produced from shell. For a selection of Catherine's publications, please refer to the publications page.


Vianney’s research is concentrated in Mediterranean France, west of the Rhône river. He works on both archaeomalacological and more general zooarchaeological analyses and a selection of publications can be found on the publications page.


Igor's major field area is the Cantabric coast of Spain. He has worked on the sites of La Fragua Cave (Santoña), Peña del Perro Rockshelter (Santoña), La Trecha Cave (Castro-Urdiales), La Llana Cave (Llanes, Asturias), and Mazaculos Cave (La Franca, Asturias). His archaeomalacological interests include exploitation patterns, gathering strategies, general issues surrounding palaeolithic and neolithic economies, environmental change in the Late Pleistocene/Early Holocene, coastline reconstruction and incremental growth techniques on molluscs. For a selection of Igor's publications, please refer to the publications page.


Matthew is focused on questions of subsistence and foraging strategies, as well as issues to do with taphonomy, and shellfish industries. He works in Britain.


Carmen focuses on the taxonomy and taphonomy of marine shell from Spanish palaeontological sites. For a selection of Marie's publications, please refer to the publications page.


David's interest in the study of the Mesolithic/Neolithic transition in the circum-Mediterranean area has involved him in fieldwork in Portugal, Italy and Algeria. His work in Portugal has focused on Mesolithic and Neolithic shell middens in the Alentejo and the Estremadura, in particular Medo Tojero, Samoqueira, Fiais and Toledo. His work in Italy has centred on Mesolithic sites in the Fucino Basin (Abruzzo) where he excavated Grotta di Pozzo in collaboration with Margherita Mussi. He is particularly interested in investigating questions relating to palaeoenvironments, bioarchaeology, palaeodemography, and prehistoric diet. For a selection of David's publications, please refer to the publications page.


Marcello has conducted research on the Culver Well Mesolithic shell midden in England (Dorset) in addition to his work in Sicily and Tunisia. His focus is on Palaeolithic and Mesolithic sites, and his particular areas of interest include the biogeography and ecology of marine molluscs, coastal human palaeoecology, shellfish gathering strategies and exploitation, shell taphonomy and Italian prehistory. For a selection of Marcello's publications, please refer to the publications page.


Tom is a malacologist who also consults on molluscan remains recovered from geological and archaeological contexts. He studies material from throughout the Netherlands, the North Sea Basin and Europe generally, and has worked on archaeological shell from sites such as the Middle Pleistocene sites (MIS 7 and 9 age) of Maastricht-Belvédère, Wageninen-Fransche Kamp, Rhenen-Leccius de Ridder, and Holocene sites such as Assendelft, Velsen-Hoogovens, Leiden-Stevenshofjes Polder, Leiden-Valkenburg de Woerd, Velsen Roman harbour, and Dordrecht sites with deposits of the 'Flood of St Elisabeth’. His malacological interests include palaeoecology, palaeoenvironmental reconstruction, climate change, Quaternary and Pliocene stratigraphy, faunal turnover and palaeobiogeography. For a selection of Tom's publications, please refer to the publications page. For further publications, as well as on-line articles and posters, have a look at Tom's website.


Nicky’s geographic area of interest spans the Atlantic coast of Europe. She has worked on material from Danish shell middens (mainly Jutland), northern Spain, the Muge region of Portugal, the Scottish west coast, county Donegal in Ireland, and England. Her temporal focus is mainly Mesolithic, although she also works on later periods including the Viking period. Many of Nicky's publications to date focus on seasonality using the oyster Ostrea edulis, however she also actively pursues interests in gathering strategies, intensive exploitation/human predation pressure, general palaeoenvironmental analysis and stable isotope analysis. For a selection of Nicky's publications, please refer to the publications page.


Caroline’s research is centred upon western France.  She is mainly focussed on Bronze Age and Iron Age sites, investigating issues related to subsistence, gathering strategies, trade, artefact production and taphonomy.  For a selection of Caroline’s publications, please refer to the publications page.


Sebastian has an interest and expertise in shell from the Western European, Mediterranean and Australasian regions. While his zooarchaeological work has mainly been focused on bone assemblages from the Eastern Mediterranean and Near East, he has particular interests in the taphonomy and construction of shell assemblages as they relate to wave action and sorting processes.


In addition to Wietske's work in the Aegean, she has studied a number of assemblages from the Netherlands. These range from Bronze Age through to medieval assemblages. She has investigated various aspects of mollusc assemblages including gathering strategies, species richness and abundance, shellfish size in relation to human population size, and variations in shell characteristics due to varying ecological conditions (e.g. salinity, climate, community dynamics). For a selection of Wietske's publications, please refer to the publications page.


Janet is known to many of us for co-ordinating the Archao+Malacology newsletter that has brought many workers in the field together over the last few years. Her newsletter is now posted on this website. Janet has analysed a number of assemblages from England in addition to her work in Cyprus and Syria. Her central interests are environmental reconstruction, subsistence, trade, and shell symbolism. For a selection of Janet's publications, please refer to the publications page.


Solange has conducted research in both Iberia and Germany with her central research interests focused upon artefact production and trade, taphonomy, usewear analysis and shell technologies. A selection of Solange’s publications can be found on the publications page.


Ken has worked on archaeomalacological material from a number of sites in southern Britain as well as the site of Sette Finestre in Tuscany, Italy. He has interests in the varying nature of human subsistence patterns, including gathering strategies, as well as the impact of human populations upon faunal communities. He has also investigated aspects of landsnail palaeoecology, and conducted research into the application of stable isotope analysis to marine shells. As well as his work in Western Europe, Ken has also been involved in the study of archaeological material from Sicily and northern Pakistan. For a selection of Ken's publications, please refer to the publications page.


Marian conducts research in Africa, Europe and the Near East with a particular focus on the Upper and Middle Palaeolithic. Among her major archaeomalacological interests are gathering strategies, trade, artefact production, taphonomy and source determination. For a selection of her publications, including her well-known work on beads, symbolism, and human cognitive evolution, please refer to the publications page.


Based in Belgium, Michiel has participated in projects in Gent, Vosselare and Deinze at de Leiestreek (The Leie River Area). He is interested in pursuing research into archaeomalacological topics, and has particular interests in trading systems, the contasts between coastal and inland sites, the production of artefacts from raw material procurement to finished objects, functional analysis and contrasting facets of this with ritual usage, and the use of shells in contemporary cultures.